Patrizia Violi, full professor in Semiotics at the Department of Communication, Bologna University, Italy. Since 2002 Director of the PhD Program in Semiotics and vice President of Scuola Superiore di Studi Umanistici of Bologna. Since 2005 Director of the PhD Program in Semiotic Disciplines, Italian Institute of Human Sciences and the University of Bologna. Director of the International Centre of Semiotic and Cognitive Studies at San Marino University. Visiting scholar at Berkeley, at Watson IBM Research Centre at Yorktown Heights, at Gaikokugo Daigaku, Tokyo. She has taught courses and seminars in a number of universities amongst others: Toronto, Vancouver, Trondheim, Lugano, Madrid, Valencia, Sapporo, Sofia, Imatra. Main research areas: semantics, semiotic theory, text semiotics, semiotics of culture, subjectivity and gender. At present her research is concentrating on the origins of semiosis and the emergence of sense from the body, with special reference to pre-verbal semiotics of new born children.